Weaving

weaving1

So, here we are at the weaving part.¬† ūüôā ¬† At the bottom of the piece is the base line, it is done with a different yarn than the rest .¬† It’s used to set up a solid place for the weaving to begin and to set the correct spacing of the warp (ends per inch, in this case 12 e.p.i.).¬† As you can see, this base line does not do a great job of either one.¬† ¬† Not that bad for the first project!

weaving2

This view shows the pattern created by using a plain weave and two yarn colors, blue and cream.  There are twelve warp threads of each color and the weft is eight rows of each.   I intended each of the squares to be the same size but the tension wavered throughout the weaving.  This caused some squares to be larger or smaller, wider  or thinner, and a little wavy.

I like the checkerboard pattern because it gives a country feeling. Different patterns can be created using the plain weave and changes in yarn color.  This link is a PDF with  further explanation of plain weave and some examples.

weaving3a

These close-ups show some of the errors that can happen when tension of the warp threads is loose. ¬†Loose warps can cause loose weft. ¬†Inconsistent tension of the edge will cause slanting of weft at the edge, ¬†As I’ve said in previous posts, the tension of the warp is vital.

woven piece

As weaving continued, my work became consistent.  The width of the columns, although not equal in size across the width of the piece, were consistently equal along the length.

weaving5a

When the weaving is done, it’s time to remove the piece from the loom, and I chose to remove the piece all at once. ¬†I cut the warp threads long enough so that I could have fringe on the ends and gathered four warp ends together at a time and tied a double half hitch knot. ¬†I then trimmed them to even lengths. ¬†You can cut the fringe to any length you like. ¬†I like long fringe.

finished woven table runner

finished woven piece

Finished project!

The weaving process itself went along rather quickly.¬† Most of the time was spent on preparing the loom.¬† In the image you can see minor imperfections here and there.¬† The glaring problem with this piece is that as the weaving went along, the piece got thinner and thinner. ¬† ¬†I love it because it’s the first piece I have created.

That’s¬†all for this project. ¬†If you have any questions or comments please feel free to drop a line.

The next project I do will be from Tapestry Weaving by Kristen Glasbrook.  It is a small tapestry made with basic techniques.  Be talking with you!

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Lessons Not Yet Learned

A couple more definitions:

Warp Ends Рone entire warp thread not just the end.  On a continuous warp it is one complete revolution around the loom.

e.p.i.   Рends per inch, the number of warp threads or wraps in an inch of the loom.

Sett – the number of e.p.i. per inch used for the project.

Project one was a table runner.

I used a plain weave and cotton yarn.  I did not understand the information about the spacing of the warp ends, lesson not yet learned.

loom with warp

I did not get that the warp ends needed to be spaced far enough apart for the weft to fit.  As you can see, the warps are practically on top of each other.  Later I will show you what kind of havoc this brings down on the project. The warp ends are in stripes so that the weave will create a checkerboard effect.  The weft will be completed with the same striping effect.

Plain weave is where the weft goes over and under alternate warp ends. I think the set I used was 10 e.p.i. ¬†I say think because I can’t remember. ¬†That is a good reason to write down all the information about a project. ¬†Not long after you finish project it kind of leaks out of the brain. lesson not yet learned.

Continuous warping was very difficult for me. ¬†Warping on my loom requires one to wrap the yarn in a particular formation. ¬†I won’t explain it just because all looms are different. ¬†I wrapped it with the tension bar half way up its space like the directions for the loom said. In tapestry, tension is so very important! lesson not yet learn. ¬†Later on in the project you will see how the wrong tension in the warp will create problems. ¬†Tension is important with all weaving, but in tapestry it needs to be very tight.

That is about all on my warp for now.  Next I will explain how I set up the heddles, and what they are!

See you later!